Web Pages are coded in HTML. HTML documents are stored on the web server and are downloaded as part of a response to a request from the client. HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language and is used to create hypertext documents that are platform independent. An HTML document is a text file that contains the elements a browser uses to display text, multimedia objects, and hyperlinks. A hyper link connects one document to another document. Hyper links in text are easy to spot because they are usually underlined and a different color from the rest of the text.
A markup language is a language that has codes for indicating layout and styling (such as boldface, italics, paragraphs, placement of graphics, etc.) within a text file. Markup language is entirely different from a programming language.
HTML is derived from Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML). SGML is a language used to define other languages.
Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web, HTML, HTTP and Universal Resource Locators (URLs). He is currently the director of the World Wide Web Consortium(W3C) the group that sets technical standards for the Web.
Server side scripting, means including script as part of an HTML file that executes on the server. When a user accesses a page containing server side script, the script executes on the server and dynamically generates HTML content or page, which is sent to the browser.
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